SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY JOURNAL, Vol 2, No 2 (2008)

Masculinization of Flowerhorn by Immersion in Androgens

Somrudee Silarudee, Pawapol Kongchum

Faculty of Animal Sciences and Agricultural Technology, Silpakorn University, Phetchaburi IT Campus, Cha-Am, Phetchaburi

Faculty of Animal Sciences and Agricultural Technology, Silpakorn University, Phetchaburi IT Campus, Cha-Am, Phetchaburi


Abstract


This research objective was to investigate the effects of two synthetic androgens, 17 α-methyltestosterone (MT) and mesterolone, on sex reversal in flowerhorn fish by hormonal immersion with the aim of introducing a new method for producing all-male flowerhorn progeny. In this study, 6 days post-hatched fry (swim-up stage) were immersed with either MT or mesterolone at different concentrations (125, 250 or 500 μgL-1). One hundred and forty swim-up fry were allocated to each of 21 100-L aquaria. Experimental fishes were exposed to hormone for 24 hours before 10 L of water was added and the first water change (approximately 80%) was done on day 5. Fish were reared until they reached the size that histological examinations of gonad can be performed (4 months). At 120 days of age, gonads were dissected for microscopic observation. Deviations of male ratios of hormone-treated fish from control were analyzed by Chi-square test. The populations of fish which the average of 62.88, 65.48 and 62.37% males in 125, 250 and 500 μgL-1 MT-treated groups, and 67.90, 84.94 and 75.12% males in 125, 250 and 500 μgL-1 mesterolone-treated groups, respectively were obtained. Control fish had an average male ratio of 58%, and this percentage was used as an expected ratio for Chi-square test. Immersion in MT at 250 μgL-1 resulted in significantly skewed sex ratio towards male (P < 0.05). Male ratios of fish obtained from mesterolone immersions at all concentrations were also significantly different from a male ratio of the control treatment (P < 0.01). Of the concentrations used in the present study, we were unable to produce all-male progeny. However, immersion with mesterolone at 250 μgL-1 was the most effective concentration that significantly skewed sex ratio, resulting in 27% male higher than that of untreated fish. Based on the results of this study, we therefore suggested that hormonal immersion using mesterolone at 250 μgL-1 was an applicable method for sex reversal in flowerhorn fish.

Key Words: Flowerhorn; Sex reversal; Mesterolone; 17 α-Methyltestosterone

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