SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, HUMANITIES, AND ARTS, Vol. 7, 2007

Social Movement and the Natural Resources Management : A Study of the Anti Nam Chon Dam Movement (1982-1988)

Dome Kripakorn




Abstract


The natural resources management in modern Thailand (so far) had been centralized by the state, which had inevitably led to structural violence. Communities and local groups people were excluded from access to natural resources, which traditionally were their communal right. This article aimed to study this issue based on a study of the anti-Nam Chon Dam movement in Kanchanaburi,1982-1988. It found that the anti Nam Chon Dam Movement was a “New Social Movement” rising from the collective actions of various groups such as the local residents of Kanchanaburi, academics, students, Non Government Organizations (NGOs), etc..

Their activities focused largely on cultural aspects of the issue through the inventing discourses, inventing of tradition, and constructing of common identity. Finally the Nam Chon dam project was cancelled in 1988. It showed that “New Social Movement” was an important trend of people, who were taken their right, to find a solution to the resources management related structural violence.

Key Words: new social movement; anti Nam Chon dam movement

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