SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, HUMANITIES, AND ARTS, Vol. 7, 2007

A Control over Chinese Schools by the Thai State from the Period of Constitutional Monarchy to Prime Minister Phibul Songkram’s Administration (1932 – 1944)

Penpisut Intarapirom




Abstract


The purposes of this article are to study the causes and factors which the Thai state since the period of constitutional monarchy in 1932 to Prime minister Phibul Songkhram’s administration (1938 – 1944) considered in treating the Chinese schools more strictly and seriously; and to study the actions of the Thai state which affected the Chinese during that period of time. The assumption of this study is that, due to the Thai state since the conversion of the regime until the first government of General Por. Piboonsongkham had the “Nationalism” idea, it treated the Chinese more strictly and seriously. The Thai state’s actions on the Chinese schools were various both of policies and practises.

The findings reveal that the Thai state since the conversion of the regime until the era of General Por. Piboonsongkham treated the Chinese schools more strictly and seriously because the Thai state during that period of time thought about “Nation” and “Thai Nationalism” in the different way. The Thai state considered the “Thai Nationality” in classifying the “Thai”, so the Chinese were obviously classified from “Thais”. In addition, the Thai state considered the Chinese schools as an unresolved problem because of they engendered relations with China. The kids, who were educated in a Chinese style, were typically aware of their being Chinese citizens all the time. Or the other hand, Chinese schools made the kids who should be “Thai” to have “Sinoism” (being Chinese) mingled with “Thaism” (being Thai). Therefore, the Thai state treated the Chinese schools strictly and seriously both of policies and practises. As a result, almost all the Chinese schools were closed during that time and couldn’t setting up througout until the end of Phibul Songkham’s administration.

Key Words: Prime minister Phibul Songkhram; Thaism; Chinese Schools

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