SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, HUMANITIES, AND ARTS, Vol 14, No 2 (2014)

The Development of Multimedia on Dressing Skill Practice for Children with Moderate Mental Retardation

Kotchaphan Youngmee, Orathai Suttijak






Abstract


The objectives of this study were 1) to develop the multimedia on dressing skill for the children with moderate mental retardation; and 2) to study the result learning of the multimedia used for improving dressing skills in children with moderate mental retardation. The sample group consisted of ten children with moderate mental retardation selected by simple sampling technique. Tools of this study were 1) the multimedia on dressing skill practice for the children with moderate mental retardation which had been designed and developed by the researcher; 2) an evaluation form on the quality of the multimedia implementation, and 3) a behavioral observation form on the children’s learning through the multimedia. Statistical techniques included percentage, means ( ), and standard deviation (S.D.). The outcomes suggested that; 1. The development of the multimedia on dressing skill practice for the children with moderate mental retardation designed and developed by the researcher was verified for its quality at a very high level ( = 4.95, S.D.= 0.12). 2. In term of features required the multimedia for the children with moderate mental retardation, it was found that 1) the introduction should be designed and presented with the pictures looking familiar to the children in order to gain their attention and encourage them to learn; 2) The activities should be clearly explained following the certain steps and the objectives in order to empower the children to demonstrate the constant learning; 3) Screen should be presented with thick and clear font and it should be colorful and neat in order to encourage the children’s perception; the pictures should also be clear and understandable, and look familiar representing the children’s daily life so that they can learn easily; the bottom should be easy for use and the multi media should not contain more than 3 bottoms; 4) In term of the function, the clear instruction should be provided and interact with the user as well as that the information should be well linked in a good sequence and easy for use. 3. The children’s learning outcome was increased after learning through the multi media. Overall, the multimedia was used to promote the children with moderate mental retardation to be more skillful in dressing and they showed an acceptable leaning behavior ( = 3.52, S.D. = 0.12). Most of the children became more accurate in placing the dressing item on the right position of the cartoon character ranked from 1) Pant or Skirt, 2) Shirt, 3) Shoes, 4) Socks, and 5) Hat or Hair ban. In this regard, it was affirmed that these 10 children demonstrate a good progress in their dressing skill after learning through the multimedia. Additionally, the quality of the multimedia was very high and it improve the children’s dressing skill in putting things at proper positions and more correct dressing after the children had learn constantly through the multimedia. Besides, the multimedia was proved to be applicable for the children with mental retardation because it is easy to be used, attractive, and colorful. The cartoon characters were designed and adapted from the children’s characteristics so they looked more attractive to the sample group and they were encouraged and concentrated to learn. The subjects liked the multimedia, wanted to repeat using it, felt encourageous, and were willing to finish without sign of boredom.

Keywords : multimedia, media quality, children with moderate mental retardation, design and development.

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