SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, HUMANITIES, AND ARTS, Vol 14, No 2 (2014)

Restorative Justice and the Conflict Management: A Case of Khuan So Community

Utai Parinyasutinun




Abstract


This qualitative research aimed to investigate conflict management for creation of restorative justice establishment in Khuan So Community, Tambon Khuan So, Khuan Niang District, Songkhla Province. In-depth interviews were conducted with community leaders, local government officials, and eleven villages residents along with group discussions, participant and non-participant observations. The research results reflected that there were various conflict concerning several parties: among people in the community, between people in the community and people from outside, and between the government and the community. Some conflicts were at such the level that they were manifest while others were latent, including conflicts of ideas. The causes of most of the conflicts were associated with community resources in the dimensions of land use, making use of resources from the Melaleuca forest, and fishing. All these dimensions were interrelated. The conflict management initiated by this community was negotiations not only through kinship but also through respected and trusted mediators. However, conflicts between people in the community and the government remained to be resolved mutually, and cooperation in community resources management was necessary. It can be concluded that most of the problems and causes of the conflicts and conflict management of most communities are similar in that they are associated with community resources. In addition, when a conflict emerges if the society holds on to a positive concept of compromise focusing on conflict resolutions that rehabilitate relationships between the conflict parties, or mutual understanding with caring and merciful attitudes, there is a possibility for community conflict reduction. Moreover, there can also be both a systematic and effective way to develop a restorative justice process.

Key words : Restorative Justice, Conflict Management

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