SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, HUMANITIES, AND ARTS, Vol 14, No 1 (2014)

Integrated Management to Enhance Fishery Resources in the Mekong River

Patranit Srijuntrapun




Abstract


Fishing resources of the Mekong River are crucial to the existence and livelihood of local communities and families. Heavy reliance is placed on fishing as a primary source of household food and income. Large-scale, development projects such as the construction of electricity producing dams aimed solely at regional economic growth have resulted in
far-reaching ecological changes throughout the Mekong Region. These changes have had a profound impact at the local level. A combination of community-based management and
co-management by local agencies has proven to be ineffective in doing so. A more encompassing, collaborative effort involving international, national, provincial, and community sectors is required. Only through vertical and horizontal cooperation by countries along the Mekong in the joint pursuit of sustainable fishery resource management can a balance between large-scale economic growth and local resource preservation be achieved.

Key Words: Fishery resource management; The Mekong River; Community based Management; Co-management

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