SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, HUMANITIES, AND ARTS, Vol 13, No 2 (2013)

A Study of Language and Culture of “/khi:/” (feces) of Lao-Wiang in Nong Kop Subdistrict, Ban Pong District, Ratchaburi Province

Samiththicha Pumma




Abstract


The objectives of this research are to study words and meanings using “/khi:/” (feces) and the cultural reflection of Lao-Wiang people in Nong Kop Subdistrict, Ban Pong District, Ratchaburi Province, when the word “/khi:” is used. This study employs linguistic anthropology concepts to describe the relationship between language and culture from 430 words and expressions used in Lao-Wiang daily life. The results show that, the meanings of the word “/khi:/” in Lao-Wiang language is divided into two types; direct or basic meaning and indirect meaning, which result from meaning extension or comparison. The usage of the word “/khi:/” in Lao-Wiang language can be divided into five different types; 1) “/khi:/” as basic meaning for waste from human or animal including other waste in daily life. 2) “/khi:/” with extended meaning such as nature substances, animals, plants, appliances, colors and diseases etc. 3)“/khi:/” for explaining human behaviors in terms of extraordinary actions or feelings in a negative way. 4) “/khi:/” for exclamations or curses and 5) “/khi:/” for cultural morals such as: literature, idiom and proverbs. Moreover, it is found that in terms of the relationship between language and culture, the usage of the word “/khi:/” in Lao-Wiang language reflects a variety of social and cultural conditions of Lao-Wiang people in Nong Kop Subdistrict. These conditions include local environment, occupations, beliefs and values, utensils and tools, food and cooking, health and diseases, society, and local politics.

Key Words: Language and Culture of Lao-Wiang people; “/khi:/”; Linguistic Anthropology

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