Rethinking User Charge Implementation for Environmental Protection
This article presents a summarized, theoretical framework for the effective implementation of user charge policy tools, and the implications of applying this framework to environmental management programs and projects. It is hoped the discussions in this article will promote debate among environmental management scholars on revisions to current approaches to environmental policy, and a move to designs that offer greater hope of a sustained environmental impact. The author suggests there are three essential phases in the user charge policy implementation, each of which needs to be subjected to careful technical analysis: Policy Implementation Models – identifying a process for introducing a new environmental policy tool that produces results; Implementation Process – identifying the factors which contribute to the quality of the implementation process; Implementation Operation (Policy Maintainance) – developing an empirical determination of the quality/effects for operating a user charge.
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