SILPAKORN UNIVERSITY JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, HUMANITIES, AND ARTS, Vol 8, No 1 (2008)

Analysis of Errors in Paragraph Writing in English by First Year Medical Students from the Four Medical Schools at Mahidol University

Anchalee Sattayatham, Pongrat Ratanapinyowong

Faculty of Arts, Mahidol University, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, 73170

Faculty of Arts, Mahidol University, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, 73170


Abstract


The objective of this study was to identify the types of errors in paragraph writing in English made by first year medical students. One hundred and thirty four medical students from four medical schools at Mahidol University were assigned to write an opinion paragraph in English on medical ethics based on a reading passage chosen from the Internet. A standard format for paragraph writing consisting of 10 criteria was used for evaluating the types of errors. The frequency of errors was calculated as percentage. A Chi–square test was used to compare the errors committed by Siriraj Medical students to those from the other three medical schools: Ramathibodi, Praboromchanok and Bangkok Metropolitan. A P-value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. It was shown that most students had errors in standard format of paragraph writing. A high percentage of errors was found in eight out of 10 criteria. The results showed 82.84%, 73.88 %, 69.40%, 69.40%, 85.07%, 90.30%, 76.87% and 82.84% for criteria 2, 4, 5 and 7, 6, 8, 9 and 10 respectively. Praboromchanok Medical students had the highest percentage of errors.


Key Words: comparison, criteria for error analysis, medical students, paragraph writing.

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